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The concept of the grand jury dates from the twelfth century, when Henry Ⅱ of England ordered panels of common citizens should prepare lists of who were their communities’ suspected criminals.

  • A.

    should prepare lists of who were their communities’ suspected criminals

  • B.

    would do the preparation of lists of their communities’ suspected criminals

  • C.

    preparing lists of suspected criminals in their communities

  • D.

    the preparing of a list of suspected criminals in their communities

  • E.

    to prepare lists of suspected criminals in their communities

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  • eineFrau

    Step1

    结合划线非划线部分梳理句子大意:

    grand jury这个理念始于12世纪,那时候亨利二世会要求普通市民组成的小组提交所在社区嫌疑犯的名单.



    Step2

    比较选项:

    差异a) prepare的不同形态/时态

    差异b) lists vs. a list

    差异c) their communities' vs. in their communities

    A选项order sb. do sth., order作为bossy mood动词,从句中动词直接用原型,不加should,不考虑该选项;

    B选项order sb. do sth., order作为bossy mood动词,从句中动词直接用原型,不加would; 亦或将would视为过去将来时助动词,则语义不合理; do the preparation可以直接用prepare表达,不优,暂不考虑;

    C选项order sb. doing sth.不符合惯用表达,应为order sb. to do sth.,是否用doing如不好判断,此项先保留;

    D选项prepare有名词形式,故不用the preparing; panels prepare a list of criminals,许多个小组提供一份名单,句意不合理,暂不考虑;

    E选项order sb. to do sth., to do表示目的,句意清晰合理,保留。

    另外关于their communities' vs. in their communities,后者表达更优,但需要结合选项的其他内容来综合判断。

    综上判断,保留CE选项。



    Step3

    再次比较差异,最终权衡

    CE选项相比较,E选项order sb. to do sth.,to do表达明确的目的,而C选项的Ving则无法表达此含义,E选项表达更优。

    关于Ving和不定式表意的区别可以参考《语法俱乐部》的相关章节。做完题目后也应当加深记忆order sb. to do sth.这一惯用表达。

  • dorisL

    order sb. to do sth. 参见曼哈顿 时态语态 的 语气一节:



    用to do 或者 that do/be都可以

    ask, beg, intend, order, prefer, urge, require (pay particular attention to require)

    We require THAT HE BE here. OR We require HIM TO BE here

  • 别急我们会有橘猫的

    选错了A

    表要求/命令语气的时候 should好像要省略 直接是prepare

  • RaymondLiang

    关键知识点: 误选e,



    用to do 或者 that do/be都可以



    ask, beg, intend, order, prefer, urge, require (pay particular attention to require)



    We require THAT HE BE here. OR We require HIM TO BE here

科目:SC语法

来源:Prep12

正确率:80.43%

难度:500-600

考点:句子结构